A biography of nehru an indian nationalist leader and the first prime minister of independent india

Motilal nehru

He was heavily influenced by the organisation's leader Mohandas Gandhi. The Civil Disobedience movement was a direct challenge to the British authority since the days of Non-cooperation movement. The quality in Gandhi that impressed the two Nehrus was his insistence on action. The s saw several important movements that pressurised the imperial government in India to consider the demands put forward by the Indian national movement leaders. While serving his country, he enjoyed iconic status and was widely admired internationally for his idealism and statesmanship. Both played an instrumental role in developing healthy relations with the governments of independent countries from around the world. Yet from then on, the yardstick of his economic thinking remained Marxist, adjusted, where necessary, to Indian conditions. With time, several other newly independent nations joined the movement, as it was really important to protect territorial integrity and sovereignty of the newly independent nations. Finally Hindu widows could enjoy equality with men in matters of inheritance and property. Gandhi stepped back into a more spiritual role. He was a voracious reader and during his childhood itself, Nehru was equipped with diverse knowledge. Although the political discourse had been dominated at this time by Gopal Krishna Gokhale , [21] a moderate who said that it was "madness to think of independence", [19] Nehru had spoken "openly of the politics of non-cooperation, of the need of resigning from honorary positions under the government and of not continuing the futile politics of representation". He often balanced the religiosity and traditionalism of Mahatma Gandhi with a more secular and modernist perspective, thus broadening the appeal of the movement. Characteristically, he described his terms of incarceration as normal interludes in a life of abnormal political activity.

Nehru reluctantly joined Gandhi in his hardline stance and the pair were again arrested and jailed, this time for nearly three years. He refused to meet Benito Mussolinithe dictator of Italy when the latter expressed his desire to meet him.

the discovery of india

He was imprisoned several times during in connection with the Salt Satyagraha and other movements launched by the Congress. He also attended the tenth anniversary celebrations of the October Socialist Revolution in Moscow in He became involved with aggressive nationalists leaders who were demanding Home Rule for Indians.

A United Nations ceasefire was negotiated, but Kashmir remains deeply unstable to this day. He was a voracious reader and during his childhood itself, Nehru was equipped with diverse knowledge.

Against the background of the Cold War, Nehru developed a policy of 'positive neutrality' for India. Legacy Nehru's four pillars of domestic policies were democracy, socialism, unity, and secularism, and he largely succeeded in maintaining a strong foundation of all four during his tenure as president.

An autobiography (nehru)

It was a remarkable transformation and the Congress, under Gandhi's leadership, must have the credit for it. Nehru confessed that he viewed the war with mixed feelings. Eventually, her government by the 26th amendment to the constitution was successful in derecognizing these former rulers and ending the privy purse paid to them in Many world Leaders always wanted to be like Nehru because his way of handling situations and implementing policies was always admired. He was always interested in analyzing international issues and was intrigued by the history of countries that were under foreign domination. Following the Quit India resolution passed by the Congress party in Bombay now Mumbai on 8 August , the entire Congress working committee, including Gandhi and Nehru, was arrested and imprisoned. In , his efforts paid off and the Congress was invited to attend the congress of oppressed nationalities in Brussels in Belgium. He took keen interest in the Sinn Fein Movement in Ireland. In March , Pt. The most influential member of Congress had been seen to negotiate with him on equal terms. The British didn't give in easily to Indian demands for freedom, and in late , the Congress Party's central leaders and workers were banned from operating in some provinces. It was Nehru who gifted dreams for the youth of this country. The colonial government completely looted this country which was once the most prosperous one. On December 26, , the draft constitution was adopted by the assembly and came into force on January 26, , making India a sovereign democratic republic.

The incident changed the course of his life. Demands for dominion status were rejected by the British in Her son Rajiv was prime minister of India from tobut he too was assassinated.

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Jawaharlal Nehru