An examination of upbringing of children and values
Studies show a relationship between parents' distrust of agencies and their likelihood of rejecting participation in an intervention.
Roles of parents in child upbringing
For example, parents who reported a sense of efficacy in influencing their elementary school-age children's school outcomes were more likely to help their children with school activities at home Anderson and Minke, Research has shown that fathers of young children participate in child caregiving activities in increasing numbers Cabrera et al. There was also some evidence for reduced injury rates among children. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to examine within- and between-child associations among maternal- and teacher-reports of parent involvement and children's standardized achievement scores, social skills, and problem behaviors. So instead of delivering lectures on morality, parents and teachers have to become examples of moral behavior. For example, research shows that parents who do not teach math in the home tend to have less knowledge about elementary math, doubt their competence, or value math less than other skills Blevins-Knabe et al. According to data from the CDC a , about 80 percent of babies born in the United States are breastfed including fed breast milk for some duration, and about 50 percent and 27 percent are breastfed to any extent with or without the addition of complementary liquids or solids at 6 and 12 months, respectively. Barbarin and Jean-Baptiste , for example, found that poor and African American parents employed dialogic practices less often than nonpoor and European American parents in a study that utilized in-home interviews and structured observations of parent-child interactions. This is because the family background and the context of the child affect his or her reaction to the real life situation real life situations and his level of performance. Although television, computers, and other screen media often are used for educational purposes with young children, these findings suggest that balancing screen time with other activities may be one way parents can promote their children's overall health. The problem, however, is that compared with intellectual education, imparting moral education is a painstaking and time-consuming affair, which many parents consider a waste of time for their children. Stronger evidence of the role of knowledge of child development in supporting parenting outcomes comes from intervention research. In short, if one does not believe in or value knowledge, one is less likely to act upon it. For example, qualitative research provides some evidence of variation by culture in parents' goals for their children's socialization. Very few see the course as a guideline for ethical behavior.
Second, there is evidence that parent training interventions can modify the parenting practices that matter. In addition, they have more appropriate knowledge about academic needs of their children thus the children coming from well to do homes will have an advantage in learning due to prior and continuous experience resulting from the opportunities provided in their privileged circumstances.
Evidence, primarily from correlational research, suggests that parents who help their children regulate the difficulty of tasks and who model mature performance during joint participation in activities are likely to have socially competent children Eisenberg et al. In contrast, many middle-class U.
Moreover, parent involvement is a key component of early childhood education programs, such as Head Start. They further reported that creating a positive physical and mental atmosphere in the home helps to prepare students to be ready and able to learn. It's a pity that some parents still fail to understand the importance of children taking part in activities that help develop their social and moral values.
In some neighborhoods, safety issues and lack of access to parks and other places for safe recreation make it difficult for families to spend time outdoors, leading parents to keep their children at home Dias and Whitaker, ; Gable et al.
According to Fraser,psychological home conditions arise mainly from illitimacy of children, the label of adopted child, broken home divorce and parental deprivation.
Parent involvement within each grade was specified as a Level-1, along with time-varying child, family, and classroom characteristics. This explains why most of the developing world especially the sub-Saharan Africa is heavily investing in education from primary, secondary and tertiary levels by increasing enrolment and improving the quality of education.
based on 110 review