While conceptual clarity is important, definitional strait-jacketing results in a view of social life and cultural change that fails to fully recognize the potential for sociology to participate in social change.
Contemporary society is characterized by the lack of free will on the part of individuals because institutions of knowledge, norms, and values, are in place to categorize and control humans. While gangs in Glasgow and Chicago seemed to have begun in similar ways and both have persisted for more than a hundred years, the experiment was intended to understand how these not so small differences in gang organization and activities can be understood in radically different contexts Burawoy, : Normative and Deviant Violence from a Conflict Perspective.
In the context of an increasingly divisive policy environment in both the USA and the UK, in which gangs are often a convenient scapegoat for a broader set of social anxieties, there is a danger that academic research can reify the gang phenomenon as an objective, criminal entity, offering justification for increasingly punitive policy responses.
In: Bosworth M, Hoyle C, editors. While there were marked differences, we suggest that there are homologies that revolve around persistent inequality, socio-spatial segregation and territorial identity, representing adaptive responses to global economic forces.
We will write it for you from scratch! In part, these differences have been driven by the divergent patterning of state formation, welfare policy and criminal justice in the United States and Scotland.
In what follows, we reflect on the methodological and theoretical implications of this experiment in qualitative comparative research, and its implications for global and comparative gang research. Weberian: Of or relating to Max Weber —influential German sociologist and political economist.
For further discussion, see Wang In excavating an urban genealogy of space, politics and culture, we have argued that the city operates as a lens through which to understand how broader changes are refracted and articulated, on both the group and individual level.
We were wrenched out of comfort zones and thrust into an alien social world, in which our points of reference were out-of-sync.