Indian independence movement

Rise of Indian nationalism — [ edit ] This section does not cite any sources.

indian independence movement timeline pdf

The Muslim majority rose up repeatedly against the Hindu Maharaja and his plans to remain independent. Ultimately, the British ruled that these officers were guilty, but they set them free seeing the public anger.

important events indian freedom struggle 1857 to 1947

They did not discuss the matter with Indians and their leaders. They picked midnight of Augustand this date was actually picked after they consulted astrologers. India's independence to [ change change source ] Gandhi with Lord and Lady Mountbatten, On midnight of 15th AugustBritain handed India its formal political Independence.

However, it soon dawned on the leaders of both countries that the hope and optimism of that night would quickly turn to the harsh realities of how to handle one of the largest mass migrations in modern history and the ensuing communal violence.

indian independence movement 1857 to 1947

Instead, it functioned more as a debating society that met annually to express its loyalty to the British Raj and passed numerous resolutions on less controversial issues such as civil rights or opportunities in government especially in the civil service.

World War I World War I began with an unprecedented outpouring of loyalty and goodwill towards the United Kingdom, contrary to initial British fears of an Indian revolt.

Indian independence movement timeline

He questioned the need for native Indians to pay taxes on agricultural produce to foreign rulers and battled the British until the latter, victorious, hanged him. Soon, the revolt spread throughout the northern India. Bose left the Congress to found his own party. Literary and debating societies initiated in Bombay and Madras became fora for open political discourse. They levied fines on many people. By August , within a few months, Partition is already done. Membership in the party was opened to anyone prepared to pay a token fee, and a hierarchy of committees was established and made responsible for discipline and control over a hitherto amorphous and diffuse movement. In February , sepoys Indian soldiers in the British army refused to use their new cartridges. The British forces reached Delhi, and they surrounded the city from 1st July until 31st August You can find these summaries here. They see him as the Mahatma—the great leader—and you have these push and pull factors with the old leadership, allowing Gandhi to come in, as well as the Indian public welcoming him.
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Indian Independence movement