Water resource management in malaysia
This paper highlights some initiatives that have been made in managing water resources in this basin, as well as describes the current development and existing commitments towards achieving sustainability of water resources and river basin. The high rainfall during the monsoon results in large areas being subjected to flooding.
The three demographic driving forces identified are: a continued population growth, b rapid urbanization and c migration patterns.
Most flooding has been mitigated through both structural and non-structural means except in extreme monsoon flood events, for which early-warning systems and flood fighting and rescue measures are in place. These losses are the result of leaks in the distribution systems and of illegal connections.
The challenges, strategic orientations and actions suggested are given in Table 6, overleaf. The driving forces in the economic setting are the adoption of market-based economic policies, the availability and condition of water, and industrialization.
Water resource management in malaysia
Moving towards adequate, safe and affordable water services as will befit developed-nation status by - Inadequate infrastructure, lack of public awareness in water resources management, and inappropriate water policies have had a negative impact on the water sector. These will lead to further pressure on water resources due to increasing demand for industrial use and increasing water pollution due to industrial effluents. The increased demand for the limited and diminishing supply of clean water available has led to competition among the various water users, a competition the continued economic growth exacerbates increasingly. Absolute control over floods is rarely feasible either physically or economically. At present, water legislation is contained within the laws that are enforced by the various water-related government agencies, and many of these laws are outdated, redundant or ambiguous. The driving forces related to governance include institutional and legal reforms and stakeholder participation in the process of decision-making in water resources management. This is because the river plays an important role in conservation, agriculture and potable water supply, but is facing threat from rapid development in the industry sectors and urbanization in the basin. In the agricultural sector, productivity expressed in crop yields per unit of water are comparable to the best in the world, the result of improved water management and farming systems adopting high-yielding crop varieties that have been tested bio-safe. These challenges are: Managing our water resources efficiently and effectively addressing both quantity and quality aspects - Increasing water demand as a result of population growth and industrialization, further compounded by the degradation of land and water resources, point to the need to efficiently and effectively manage water resources. However, at the federal level, a National Water Resources Council NWRC has been set up to pursue a more effective water management, including the implementation of interstate water transfers.
It has been estimated that altogether about 29 km2 or nine percent of the total land area of Malaysia are flood-prone, affecting some 12 percent of the population. There is therefore a need to instil awareness on the economic, social and environmental value of water among politicians, decision-makers and other stakeholders in the water sector.
Water supply system in malaysia pdf
The implementation of IWRM and IRBM need to be enhanced and further strengthened in order to ensure the sustainability of the water resources and river basin in Langat. However, at the federal level, a National Water Resources Council NWRC has been set up to pursue a more effective water management, including the implementation of interstate water transfers. This diversified water legislation focuses on limited aspects of water resources and water supply directly related to the responsibilities of the respective government agencies and thus difficult to enforce effectively. Furthermore, the practicable limit of surface water resources development has been reached in some regions of high demand, and it has become necessary to consider inter-basin and interstate surface water transfer schemes. However, the key issue remained how to implement it? Table 6. There is a need for legislation and policies to encourage private-sector participation. In several urban and industrial areas, organic pollution of water has resulted in environmental problems and adversely affected aquatic life. Water shortages are no longer an issue. This reflects both the increase in the number of pollution sources due to the higher level of economic activities or the encroachment of new housing areas around existing factories or industries, and a greater awareness of the dangers of environmental pollution. Besides the construction of dams and reservoirs and the improvement of river systems, measures to increase infiltration and to store the excess water in small ponds and retention basins are being promoted.
The country now prides itself on having a water sector that is managed efficiently and in an integrated manner. This reflects both the increase in the number of pollution sources due to the higher level of economic activities or the encroachment of new housing areas around existing factories or industries, and a greater awareness of the dangers of environmental pollution.
based on 99 review